Essay about Cooperative Learning
871 Words4 Pages
Cooperative Learning During the weekend I spent learning about the theories and structures of cooperative learning, I was captivated by five components of cooperative learning. I intend to use these five in my own classroom. They begin with the introduction games Pleased to Meet You and Knotting Acquaintance followed by the creation of base groups and finally STAD and TGT. These are five basic, yet exciting ways to use cooperative groups in the classroom.
I will use the first two introduction games at the start of the school year, because students are nervous about the start of school and these games are great for breaking the ice. I would start with the pleased to meet you form. This gets students talking amongst one…show more content…
I like the base group because it gives the students a home. The base groups help open the door to getting the cooperative learning going. The length of time that the base groups will stay together depends on the climate in the classroom. If I have selected well and the groups have been successful I might be inclined to let them work together up to the midpoint of the school year. The base groups will merely serve as a home. Depending on the activity the class is doing I will use ad-hoc groups and Formal learning groups.
In the Formal learning groups, as well as in the ad-hoc and the base groups, I will employ two types of group activities the STAD system and the TGT system.
The Student Team-Achievement System (STAD) is a five-part system with proven effectiveness in Language Arts, Social Studies, Mathematics and Science. The groups are set up heterogeneously and presented with new material. The next step is to have the learners practice the material within their group. It is the responsibility of the group to be sure all group members have received the information and have a clear understanding of it. Once the groups have had sufficient time to practice, the teacher gives the students individual quizzes. The quizzes are scored and the learners earn points for their group. The points earned by the group members are based on their level of improvement over their base score; their average score on the previous quizzes. The base score could also be established by
Use Of Collaborative And Cooperative Learning
Collaborative and cooperative learning promotes student learning through group-oriented activities. Collaborative learning is a method of teaching and learning in which student teams will work together to create a meaningful multimedia project. Cooperative learning, which will be the primary focus of this paper, is a specific kind of collaborative learning. In cooperative learning, students work together in small groups on a structured activity. Cooperative groups will work face-to-face and will learn to work as a team. The multimedia project will allow all students to benefit from gaining a deeper knowledge of the multimedia matters through communication with their peers and building relationships among their peers of different ethnic, backgrounds, learning abilities and gender.
Effective Use of Collaborative Learning in Academics
The application of collaborative learning strategies is a process in which two or more students work together. Collaborative strategies will be used in planning, translating and reviewing the education process to form student learning through group-oriented activities. This source will also be useful in lesson planning to help explain how collaborative learning strategies in the classroom will help students in the learning process improve by interaction; how positive interdependence of collaborative learning leads to common responsibility; how collaborative learning builds students’ self-esteem, and confidence in students. This application recommends that collaborative learning strategies can be implemented with Jig-saw technique as well as in learning technology which can be accessible to all participants working in cooperative groups (Iqbal, Kousar, and Ajmal, 2011).
In Corte (2011) collaborative learning study focuses on fostering adaptive competence (AC) defined as the ability to apply knowledge and skills flexibly in different contexts. There are four major types of learning in relation to what students must learn in order to acquire AC in a particular domain which are discussed:
Constructive - learners are viewed not as passively receiving information, but as actively constructing knowledge and skills through reorganization of their previously acquired mental structures,
Self-regulated - individuals are meta-cognitively, motivationally, and behaviorally active participants in their own learning process,
Situated - learning is enacted essentially in interaction with, and especially through, participation in social and cultural activities and contexts, and
Collaborative – effective learning is a distributed activity, not a purely solitary one. The learning effort is distributed over the individual student; the partners in the learning environment; and the available resources, technology, and tools.
This study will be helpful in explaining the design of a collaborative learning environment that will help improve problem-solving competence in primary school students. The literature provides...
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