Parents can get confused by the different messages on whether to help or not, says Dr Kate Ellis-Davies, senior lecturer at the psychology department of Nottingham Trent University. "That confusion," she explains, "comes from everyone meaning different things by 'helping' with homework.
"Helping can be simply being aware of the amount of homework set and helping children to plan ahead and time manage the different tasks they need to do. This kind of help is commonly encouraged by schools, with parents or caregivers initialling homework diaries, for example. Children tend to respond positively."
Motivation is another way of lending support: "This is about encouraging the student in the work they are doing, regardless of the topic," she says. "Importantly, this seems to be helpful only if the student doesn't perceive this as the parents exerting pressure on the child to perform. So, help in motivating that focuses on effort and interest in the work rather that outcome tends to be encouraged in schools."
Conversely, avoiding the homework hour altogether isn't ideal, says David Messer, the emeritus professor of child development and learning at the Open University. "It can reduce confidence if parents seldom give help and appear uninterested, especially if their child is stuck or does not understand something."
POPULISM HAS TAKEN the world by storm.
Donald Trump. Brexit. Etc.
I have watched with dismay. In that light, I’m a little uncomfortable proposing what could be considered the most populist proposal ever.
No more homework.
It’s a wish I’m sure we all heard throughout our school lives.
Just thinking back to the mountains of work gives me a feeling akin to hearing fingernails on a blackboard.
As a wannabe politician, this one is definitely from the Napoleon Dynamite playbook.
As a campaign it has potential though.
A single sentence encapsulates the position clearly. In this age of slogans and chants, that seems to be important. So, really Bart Simpson’s Down with Homework t-shirt could be dusted off.
We wouldn’t even need to be very original with chants, a quick search of YouTube provides more than we could ever use.
All the ingredients are there.
So with the catch sorted, we move onto the detail.
Like all good populist campaigns, the devil will be in the detail. The campaign will really be No Homework for Primary School Students. Numerous studies have shown the benefits of homework for secondary school students.
There is an argument to be made that primary school homework gets students into the habit and increases from there. I don’t think years of practice are required. On the
contrary, it seems that six years of secondary school homework, often followed by
college is more than enough.
Childhood obesity is a major problem in Ireland. The Childhood Obesity Surveillance
Initiative carried out by the Health Service Executive in conjunction with the National
Nutrition Surveillance Centre in UCD this year makes for worrying reading.
One in five of our children are overweight or obese. Schools have come a long way in terms of healthy eating campaigns and there is an emphasis on physical activity but more is needed.
The point of schooling is to learn and much of the time is inevitably spent sitting.
The Irish weather hasn’t improved since my time either. Often, it’s not possible to go outside during break. Technological improvements mean the TV-on-wheels no longer needs to be wheeled in but the projector provides the same result. After a day like this, our children are sent home with homework to do.
More time sitting – after a whole day of it.
Removing homework won’t be a magic bullet. Parents would need to ensure the homework time isn’t simply replaced with screen time. A strong campaign would be needed to encourage evening exercise.
Increased provision of walking and cycle ways as well as playgrounds would help too. Not all would comply, but many would. With such worrying obesity stats, it’s time to change our priorities.
There have been many studies carried out on the value of exercise.
Researchers at the Georgia Health Sciences University tested the effects of aerobic exercise on 171 sedentary, overweight kids between the ages of 7 and 11. They found improvements in IQ scores, as well as Maths ability, where physical activity levels were increased.
Canadian author and public policy contributor André Picard has also argued that homework is counterproductive.
He says research shows clearly that children being active is more important than homework for improving learning and test scores and health.
As a working parent, I find these arguments compelling.
Life during school term is a whirlwind.
Once I’ve collected my kids, made dinner, helped to get the homework done and taken them to an after-school activity (if there is one that day), it is bedtime. And we are all tired.
We are all busier these days. Quality time is at a premium. Let’s get rid of the
homework and build in more family activity time.
Instead of spending their early years teaching them to sit and do homework, we could be teaching them the joy of an active lifestyle.