Hinduism Islam Compare Contrast Essay

Introduction

Hinduism

To be a Hindu is to be born a Hindu, and then to follow a certain way of life. The word "Hindu" comes from "Hind", the old Persian word for India, and Hinduism simply means the religion of the people of India. With no founder and no creed, it has evolved over time. Hinduism has many gods, yet, for some Hindus, there is an impersonal "Absolute" behind them all, called Brahman, creator of the universe. Brahman "unfolds" into the Trimurti, the holy trinity made up of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Brahma is the creator, Vishnu the great preserver, and Shiva the destroyer but also the re-creator.

Islam

Islam is a religion of submission. Its followers, Muslims, are "those who commit themselves in surrender to the will of Allah" (Allah is the Arabic word for God). The word "Islam" itself means "commitment" or "surrender". Muslims see their faith as God's final revelation, which meets all the spiritual and religious needs of humanity.

History

Hinduism/Islam

Hinduism is one of the world's oldest religions, but no one knows how this religion was established or when it began but is thought that it started around 400 A.D. This religion is related to the Vedic religion. The Islamic religion began almost 1400 (622 A.D.) years ago in what is now Saudi Arabia, when the Prophet Muhammad received revelations from God. The revelations were written down in a holy book called the Qur'an, and Muhammad's followers and successors soon spread the world of Islam beyond Arabia. To Muslims - the followers of Islam - their religion became a way of life, forming and guiding their entire culture and society.

Attitude towards other religions

Hinduism is not a religion, but a set of beliefs and practices. It is not a religion like Christianity or Islam...


Comparison Of Islam And Buddhism Essay

Religion and politics are the same in Islam, and it becomes intertwined with one another. It teaches its people how to run a state, elect members of the government, make treaties and conduct business and commerce. It must guarantee the basic necessities of life and is responsible for its entire population. It is God that gives the government authority, not people. However, Buddhism does not create a system of government, but its concepts are present in many governments. Islam’s system of law is called the Sharia, but does not have a strict set of laws. It deals with aspects of daily life, including family, sexuality, hygiene, and social issues. Yet, the Sharia is more of a system of how Muslims should serve humanity, and is based on the Qur’an and the Hadith. In contrast, the caste system represents a system of law in Buddhism. A person born in the caste system, puts them into categories depending on their social status, where they are unable to move to another category until their next life, and develops social acceptances and social restrictions between the categories.

In Islam, the Five Pillars represent a model for one’s life. Once one becomes a Muslim they should apply all these in your daily life. They must accept there is no god except Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Everyday they must worship Allah at least five times a day. They must participate in fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. This means they can not have food or drink from sunrise to sunset, and eating is allowed after sunset of each day. They must donation to the poor, but not less than 2.5% of income. Lastly, they must make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime. Yet, it is acceptable to have someone go in their place if they really can not make it. All of these elements bring the community closer together.

In Buddhism, the Eightfold Path represents a model for one’s life. First, is the right understanding, the truth about suffering and...

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