Obama Immigration Reform Essays

Who could be affected?

The president’s plan is expected to affect up to five million of the nation’s unauthorized immigrant population, currently 11.4 million according to the Migration Policy Institute. It would create a new program of deferrals for approximately 4 million undocumented parents of American citizens or legal permanent residents who have been in the country for at least five years. Deferrals would include authorization to work and would be granted for three years at a time.

It would also expand a program created by the administration in 2012 called Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, which allows young people who were brought into the country as children to apply for deportation deferrals and work permits. The plan would extend eligibility to people who entered the United States as children before January 2010 (the cutoff is currently June 15, 2007). It would also increase the deferral period to three years from two years and eliminate the requirement that applicants be under 31 years old. About 1.2 million young immigrants are currently eligible, and the new plan would expand eligibility to approximately 300,000 more.

The deferrals would not include a path to full legal status or benefits under the Affordable Care Act. There are also no specific protections for farm workers or parents of DACA-eligible immigrants. An additional one million people will have some protection from deportation through other parts of the president’s plan.

U.S. Foreign-born population

Legal permanent residents and temporary legal residents

Potentially covered by president’s plan

Source: Migration Policy Institute, 2012 data

U.S. Foreign-born population

Potentially covered by president’s plan

Legal permanent residents and temporary legal residents

Source: Migration Policy institute, 2012 data

Why isn’t the president waiting for Congress to act?

Though he granted temporary relief to immigrants who arrived in the United States as children, Mr. Obama had in recent years emphasized the limits of his power and urged Congress to pass an immigration overhaul, which, he said, is the only way to provide permanent protection for immigrants and improve the country’s immigration laws. “The problem is, is that I’m the president of the United States, I’m not the emperor of the United States,” he said during a Google Hangout last year. “My job is to execute laws that are passed.”

The Democratic-led Senate passed a comprehensive bill in June, which among other measures, included a path to citizenship for unauthorized immigrants. The Republican-controlled House has approved several separate measures in committee, but many members say they would not support a plan that includes a path to citizenship.

Now, with Congress gridlocked over the issue, Mr. Obama has emphasized his ability to change how immigration laws are enforced. While his actions are not without precedent, they would affect far more people than the actions of past presidents on immigration. Republicans take control of Congress in January, and some fear standing in the way of the president’s actions could hurt them politically with Latinos.

What has been the Republican reaction?

Conservatives in Congress accused Mr. Obama of abusing his power and have pledged to try to stop the actions, through legislative or legal measures. “I believe his unilateral action, which is unconstitutional and illegal, will deeply harm our prospects for immigration reform,” Senator John Cornyn, Republican of Texas, said on Wednesday.

The issue was brought front and center at the annual meeting of the Republican Governors Association, where several conservative governors expressed opposition to the president and confronted the practical challenges that new legal orders would bring to their states.

Has illegal immigration been increasing?

Growth in the unauthorized immigrant population has slowed significantly since 2007, driven in part by a decline in immigrants from Mexico, where more than half of those immigrants were born. An increase in deportations and fewer economic incentives after the recession have contributed to the decline.

Unauthorized immigrant population

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Source: Pew Research Center

Unauthorized immigrant population

Source: Pew Research Center

Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security

How do Americans feel about the issue?

More Americans disapprove of than approve of President Obama’s decision to take executive action on the issue.

In general, half of Americans say that unauthorized immigrants should be allowed to stay in the United States and eventually apply for citizenship. Thirteen percent say that they should be allowed to stay legally but not allowed to apply for citizenship. Thirty-two percent say they should be required to leave the country. Democrats are much more likely to support a path to citizenship, along with Hispanics, blacks and young adults ages 18 to 29.

Approval of President Obama taking executive action to change immigration laws

Source: WSJ/NBC News Poll conducted Nov. 14-17 with 1,000 adults nationwide.

Which comes closest to your view about illegal immigrants who are living in the United States?

They should be allowed to stay in the U.S. ...

They should be required to leave the U.S.

... and eventually apply for citizenship

... but not be allowed to apply for citizenship

Source: New York Times/CBS News Poll based on telephone interviews conducted Sept. 12-15 with 1,009 adults nationwide.

Approval of President Obama taking executive action to change immigration laws

Source: WSJ/NBC News Poll conducted Nov. 14-17 with 1,000 adults nationwide.

Which comes closest to your view about illegal immigrants who are living in the United States?

They should be allowed to stay in the U.S. ...

... and eventually apply for citizenship

... but not be allowed to apply for citizenship

They should be required to leave the U.S.

Source: New York Times/CBS News Poll based on telephone interviews conducted Sept. 12-15 with 1,009 adults nationwide.

By AMBIKA HANCHATE (INDIA)

Today   there  is a  broad – based  consensus  that  the  U.S immigration  system  is  broken.  This  consensus  erodes,  however,  as  soon as  the  options  to  reform  the U.S  immigration  system  are  debated.  Substantial  efforts  to  comprehensively  reform  immigration  law  failed  in  the  109th  and  110th  congress.  Whether  and  how  the  112th  congress  will  address  immigration  reform  in  the  midst  of  historically  high  levels  of  unemployment   and  budgetary  constrictions  is  difficult  to  project.  Because U.S has suffered immigration issues like:-

Illegal immigration: –how many, costs, crime, public health, social security, employment.etc…

Legal  immigration ;- how many, legislative  options,  naturalization,  chain immigration,  dual  nationality,  public  charge  exclusion, entry  paths (family, employer,  residents,  refugee, lottery  family  sponsored immigrants etc…

National security :- entry –exit  record,  policy  recommendations,  visa  waiver program, NAFTA highway north  American  union.

Labor and economics’; – job displacement, labor market, economy, welfare, wages in agriculture, costs, free trade agreements.

Guest workers: – temporary visa types, high tech, agricultural workers, unskilled, company transfers.

Population environment: – population growth, sprawl, traffic, fresh  water  resources.

Societal  issues ;- assimilation,  poverty,  schools,  hate crimes,  hit  and runs,  brain drain, non – citizen voting,  opinion  polls.  Etc…

These  all  are  the  above  issues / problems  faced  U.S. so  today  reforms  is  must  for  that. Let I will tell you brief as per below…..

Immigration reform :-  in  the  U.S  is  a  term  used  in  political  discussion  regarding  changes  to  current  immigration  policy  of a country.  In its strict definition, “REFORM” means to change in to an  improved  from / conditions.  By amending/ removing faults/ abuses.  In  the  political  sense,  immigration  reform  may  include  promoted,  expanded  / open immigration, as  well as  reduced / eliminated  immigration.  This  term  is  also  widely  used to  describe  proposals  to  increase  legal  immigration  while  decreasing  illegal  immigration, such  as  the  guest  worker  proposal supported  by George w. bush. Illegal immigration is a controversial issue in the U.S.  Proponents  of  greater  immigration  enforcement  argue  that  illegal  immigrants  costs  tax  payers  an estimated  $338.3  billion  dollars   &  jeopardize   the  safety  of  enforcement  official  and  citizens,  especially  along  the  Mexican  border.

In  2006,  the  U.S  house  of  representatives  passed  the  border  protection,  anti – terrorism,  and  illegal immigration  control  act  2005,  and  in  2006  the  U.S  senate  passed  the  comprehensive  immigration  reform  act  2006.  Neither  bill  became  law  because  their  differences  could  not  be  reconciled  in  conference  committee.  The  legislative  negotiations  and  national  activism  behind  immigration reform  from  2001 – 2007  is  the  subject  of  12 – part  documentary  film  series  how  democracy  works  now. In  2009  the  immigration  reform  became  a  hot topic, since  the  BARACK OBAMA a administration  recently  signaled  interest  in  beginning  a  discussion  on  comprehensive  immigration   reform  before  year’s  end.  The  proposed  comprehensive  immigration  reform  plan  had as  its goal  bipartisan  support  and includes  six sections  designed  to  have “something  for  everyone”  these  six  sections  are :-

a)  To fix border enforcement

b)  Interior enforcement, such as preventing visa overstays.

c)  Preventing people from working without a work permit.

d)  creating  a  committee  to  adapt  the  number  of  visas  available  to  changing  economic  times.

e) An ‘amnesty’ type of program to legalize document immigrants.

f) Programs to help immigrants adjust to life in the U.S

In  2010,  academic study  has  shown  that  when  immigration  issues receive  national  media  attention,  established  residents  living  in  places  that  have  seen  influx  of  new  immigrants  suddenly  become  much more  politicized  against  immigration.  This  suggest  that  it  is  not  the  influx  of  new  residents/ new  proximity  to  established  residents  that  stir  anti – immigrants,  sentiments,  rather,  resentment  is spurred  by  the  healed  and  prominent  nature  of  the  debate  itself.  The study,  done  by George town  university  and  published  it like “ examined  more  than  12  different  surveys  relating  to immigration,  anti – immigration  attitudes  among  established  resident  in  fast – changing  countries  increases by  9.9%  the  study  authors  states  that  ethnic  and  racial  surroundings  appear  to  affect  American’s  political  attitudes  for  less than  previously  thought. “those  who live  near  larger proportions  of  immigrants  do  nIot  consistently   exhibit,  more  negative  attitudes.  “rather, the  author  concludes’ day  to  day  encounters  can  be  shaped  by  silent  national  issues.

So  the  federal  government  employs  an  enforcement  heavy  approach  to  immigration  control.  More  than  20,000 U.S border  patrol  agents  are  operate  along  the  borders,  and  the  obama  administration  has  also  conduct  a  series  of  nationwide   immigration  sweeps  to  arrest  undocumented  criminal  offenders  and  increased  audits of  companies  hiring  unauthorized  workers.  And  the administration  has  also  expanded  the  secure, communities  programs,  started in 2008,  against  illegal  immigration.  And now a day’s also US taking /doing working on this issue.

Reforming  legal  immigration :-  reforming  the  cumbersome  visa and  citizenship  process  for  immigrants  particularly  skilled  foreign  workers  in  high – demand  STEM (science, technology, engineering,  math’s)  fields  is  priority  to  ensure  that  the  country  retains  its  competition’s in  the  global  economy,  say  some  experts  and  politicians, who  are  concerned  about  the  prospect  of  a  “reverse  brain  drain”  within  congress,  several  proposal  have  been  made  to improve  this  process  including  the  bipartisan  start  up  Act  20  which  would  introduce  a :start  up visa”  for  foreign  entrepreneurs  who  demonstrate  all  intent  to  create business  and  jobs  in  the  U.S well  as eliminate  individual   country  visa  quotas  and  offer a new type  of  visa to  foreign  students  graduating  in STEM  fields  in  US universities.

Guest  worker  programs  for  unskilled  workers  particularly  in  the  agricultural  sector  have  also  been  the  subject  of  heated  debate.  Critics  of  the  existing  H – 2A program,  which  grants  temporary  visas  for  seasonal  agricultural  work,  say  it  is  too  costly  and  inflexible  for  farmers  and has  not  sufficiently  curbed  illegal  immigration.  So the agricultural all job   opportunities, benefits and security (AgJOBS) Act, a  bill  that  modifies  the H – 2A  program  and  allows  undocumented  agricultural  workers  to  apply  for  green  card  under  certain  conditions,  and  also  over  the  past  decade,  the  DREAM Act  would  provide  a pathway  to  citizenship  for  undocumented  youth who  immigrated  as  children  with  their  families  to  the U.S  in  April  2012, republican  senator  Marco  Rubio  proposed  a  version  of  the  act  that  would  grant  a  temporary ,  renewable  “non – immigrant” visa  to  undocumented  youth  who  fit  DREAM Act  criteria,  rather  than green  card.  In June 2012, president  obama  announced  that  the  federal  government  would  no  longer  deport  undocumented  youths  who  immigrated  to  the  U.S  before  the  age  of  16  and  are  younger  than  30,  have  been in  the  country  for  five  continuous  years,  and  have  no  criminal history, under  the  new  policy,  these  immigrants  would  be  eligible  for  two  year  work  permits  that  have  no limits  on how  many  times  they  can  be  renewed.  So this type U.S government will take actions. Any  way  it  must  to  take  new  actions/plans  in  future , against  U.S  immigration  issues. Because  day  to  day  criminals, terrors, issue creators  are  growth  in  the  earth, so  I must  say  here  one line  to  all youths/ peoples  (who  want  to go/ live  long  period  in abroad)  please  follow  up  their  government  rules/ do  duties  of their  country until  your  visa  date  expired, afterwards  also  co – operate  with  reforms  against  immigrants  issues.  That’s all! Then only we can create new U.S i.e.  “Free from issue immigrants world”.

Views and Opinions expressed in this essay do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the Shah Peerally Law Group PC and its affiliates.

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