Presentation on theme: "Theme Unit 1: Short Story Essay. Thesis Statement O A thesis statement is the sentence of your essay that encapsulates the topic you are writing about."— Presentation transcript:
1 Theme Unit 1: Short Story Essay
2 Thesis Statement O A thesis statement is the sentence of your essay that encapsulates the topic you are writing about and the idea you intend to prove or explain: O Thesis = topic + opinion O Your thesis should be clear and to the point, but should also address the main points of your essay you intend to cover. O Finally, your thesis should be written in the 3 rd person (not first = no “I” statements) and should be a complex sentence.
3 Sample Thesis Statements O Good: Anthem shows the importance of individuality and independence though Equality 7-2521’s defiance of the established rules, and his voluntary banishment from society for his own benefit. O Ok: Anthem uses Equality to show the importance of individualism by going against the rules of society to better himself. O Bad: Anthem is about thinking for yourself and going against the rules.
4 How does your thesis stack up? O Does it address the topic of the question, and your idea about it? O Is it detailed, and does it use specifics to make your point? O Does it use first person (or “I”)? It shouldn’t!!!!!
5 Topic Sentences O A topic sentence is the first sentence in each paragraph that tells the reader: O A) What the paragraph is going to be about and… O B) How the paragraph relates to the thesis from the introduction Example: When Equality knowingly breaks the rules of society by retreating to the tunnel, his intentions knowingly go against the rules of society. Using this topic sentence, we need to find evidence or examples from the novel that support it: - he knows that he should not be in the tunnel - he knows he should not be writing, but continues to do so - he voluntarily breaks his prescribed routine and skips meetings Now, formulate these ideas into complete sentences!
6 Adding textual evidence! O Textual evidence is a direct quotation from the text that provides the reader with evidence of your claim or idea. O Textual evidence is used when lines are re-written word-for- word from the text in quotation marks to prove your point. O Example: “It is a sin to write this” (Rand 17). O The above line taken from Anthem proves our topic sentence that Equality knowingly breaks the rules of society. O When lines are quoted from the text, the author is cited using the author’s name and the page number of the quote.
7 Transition Sentences – Introducing Textual Evidence O When using textual evidence, it must be introduced into the sentence using a transition. O This transition should be a dependent clause or an introduction that tells the reader why the evidence you are about to present is important: O Example: Knowing that what he is doing in the tunnels is wrong, Equality openly admits to the reader that “It is a sin to write this” (Rand 17).
8 Concluding the Paragraph! O At the end of the paragraph after you have: O 1) Written a topic sentence that supports the thesis O 2) Provided reasons and support for your topic sentence using an example (or examples) from the novel O 3) Cited textual evidence that supports your claim while citing the author and page number(s)… O …you need a concluding or transition sentence to end the paragraph and introduce the next! O Yay! – More writing!
9 Concluding/Paragraph Transition O A concluding sentence should tie together the main ideas of your paragraph, how it relates to your topic sentence/thesis, and leads into your next paragraph! O Whew! When Equality knowingly breaks the rules of society by retreating to the tunnel, his intentions knowingly go against the rules of society. From the start of the novel Equality openly admits that he should not be in the tunnel and that it is a forbidden area. Not only is being the tunnel illegal, but so is recording his thoughts. Equality openly admits that “It is a sin to write this” (Rand 17) proving that he understands his actions. However, by breaking these rules he experiences independent thought in contrast to the rules of society that he refuses to relinquish that eventually leads him to the Uncharted Forest. Note how the last sentence highlights the main point of the paragraph (independence through defiance) and hints at the topic of the next paragraph (the Uncharted Forest).
10 Back to the Intro!!!!! O Remember the thesis statement we wrote first? Now we need to go back and attach that to a paragraph that introduces the essay! O The easiest way to think of your introductory paragraph is in terms of a funnel. O This way, your paragraph begins with a broad statement that gets more specific as you move through your paragraph and leads up to your thesis. O Check it out…
11 Funnel Theory O From broad to specific… Hook – general statement about your topic to interest the reader Transition or Lead-in – uses the topic from the hook and relates it to your (already written) thesis. Thesis
12 Funnel Theory (in practice) O Hook: Anthem, by Ayn Rand, depicts a collectivist society where individuals have limited rights and exist solely for the benefit of others. O Transition: Equality 7-2521, a street sweeper in this collectivist society, begins to question his role and discovers the importance of individualism when he decides to leave society. O Thesis: Anthem shows the importance of individuality and independence though Equality 7-2521’s defiance of the established rules, and his voluntary banishment from society for his own benefit.
13 Intro… Anthem, by Ayn Rand, depicts a collectivist society where individuals have limited rights and exist solely for the benefit of others. Equality 7-2521, a street sweeper in this collectivist society, begins to question his role and discovers the importance of individualism when he decides to leave society. Anthem shows the importance of individuality and independence though Equality 7-2521’s defiance of the established rules, and his voluntary banishment from society for his own benefit.
14 Conclusion O The conclusion is essentially opposite of the introduction. O The thesis statement is always the first sentence in the conclusion: O This is the same idea as stated in your first paragraph O The thesis should not be repeated verbatim, but instead, restated (or rephrased) so that it is worded differently. O Next, you should restate or summarize you main points O Finally, end with a “clincher”, or a sentence that sums up your main idea and makes an overall statement about your topic.
English Lvl 4
Anthem literally Analysts
In the book Anthem, Ayn Rand promotes her ideals of human nature by creating a society in which individualism is a sin. The protagonist, Equality struggles in this world as he questions the belief of collectivism that his government enforces on their people. Equality realizes "To be free, a man must be free of his brothers" it means that he can't succeed in life if he is not independent and different from everyone who is in his society.Equality displays Ayn Rand's belief of egoism by rediscovering electricity and trying to share it with his society, falling in love with liberty and teaching liberty of individualism, and standing up to his oppressive government/ council.
In the world Equality lives it is forbidden for any man to do anything alone with no brothers or sister in attendance to witness or supervise it. Equality blatantly broke this rule when he rediscovered electricity in the tunnel of the old world.In his secret underground tunnel, a symbol of his divergent path in life, Equality eventually learns to harness the powers of electricity. He rejoices, even gloats, over his discovery and the benefit it will give to the community once accepted. In this critical point in the novel, Rand demonstrates that even the impetus for the most revolutionary breakthroughs resides in the ego. But tragically, when Equality presents his invention to the House of Scholars, the Scholars cannot see the truth of the discovery, the profit that lies beyond its individualist origins, and demand the destruction of the newly created "evil" (74). Insulted, Equality takes his creation and escapes to the Uncharted Forest, where he spends the rest of his days. There, he realizes that he did not create this invention "for the good of our [his] brothers," but rather because of his own eagerness to discover (76). In this realization, Equality unlocks another facet of the ego: a desire for self-achievement.
Liberty 5-3000 and Equality love for each other, also promoted Ayn Rand philosophy of human nature and egoism. Liberty came to understand the evils of society's preachings against individualism when she fell in love with Equality. In their old world, Equality and Liberty were not allowed to love each other because it was their duty to love all men equally.Both Equality and Liberty realizes that love is not something to be given equally to all, but a thing to be earned through a person's virtues and strengths, and only in this way would "love" hold any meaning Through individualism love for each other could exist. When Liberty and Equality fled the city and decided to establish a new society, Equality renamed Liberty "Gaea" for her part in the founding of a new world for man, a world with so much more power and potential that its inhabitants would become like gods. Gaea, the Mother Earth in Greek mythology, was the mother of the Titans, who would later parent the gods. Gaea was the powerful force from which everything came; similarly, Liberty was the wife of Equality and from them, their sons, and the friends they recruited together would come a society that was the rebirth of mankind. While Equality has several obvious similarities to Prometheus. According to Greek mythology, Prometheus brought fire to mankind, which illuminated their path and showed man the way toward civilization. Like Prometheus, Equality was able to take man out of the dark by showing the value of egoism and individualism. Both Liberty and Equality displayed Ayn Rand philosophy of nature of man; which held that man has their own free will and are autonomous and independent.
Equality's' ability to escape from the council and his society can be contributed to Ayn rands philopshy of egoism. Equality 7-2521 cannot stand the destruction of the lightbulb(his own creation), so he grabs the light bulb and escapes the council by jumping out of a window. He runs blindly though the city that he lives in, until he collapses and discovers he has some how traveled into the Uncharted Forest, where he supposes he will die alone because no man in his society dares to go in the forest . He realizes, however, that he had been lying to himself, that he did not create the light for his brothers but rather for its own sake.he has discovered that he did it for himself his own glory.He does not regret building the light and pursuing his scientific discoveries, though he wishes he could see the Golden One again.Equality's conflict with the World Council of Scholars forms the central conflict of the story Anthem and comes closest to being the climax of the story, because it is the point at which there is no turning back for Equality, where he is heading into the abyss. His smaller transgressions-preferring International 4-8818, falling in love with the Golden One and speaking to her as a lover, seeking the solitude of the tunnel, and creating the lightbulb-could potentially be forgiven and have not cut Equality 7-2521 off irreparably from his society. Once the World Council rejects the lightbulb, however, all hope of reconciliation vanishes, and Equality 7-2521's path clears. Even though Equality 7-2521 himself does not see the path before him, it is inevitable that he break with society and seek his own way in the Uncharted Forest. Equality again is promoting Ayn rands philosophy of objectivism by show he is ethics and quest knowledge Is different from his brothers and the council. By him disagreeing with the council of his world he was able to to state his own belief, his own ethics, and his desire knowledge. This is the final string to snap that I allowing him to be completely different from his bothers in his society.
Ayn Rand was able to promote her philosophical views of society through Equality, by showing his gradual belief of egoism by rediscovering electricity and trying to share it with his society, falling in love with liberty and teaching liberty of individualism, and standing up to his oppressive government/ council. Ayn. Rand perfectly used the book Anthem to let people know of problems a pure collectivist world can have.
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Using what you have learned about Ayn Rand, the author of Anthem, and her philosophical beliefs, write a literary analysis essay that answers the following prompt:
Equality reaches the important realization that "To be free, a man must be free of his brothers". Explain what Equality means by this, citing examples from Anthem.
Include an URCA thesis statement, knowledge of Objectivism, and evidence from the novel in your essay.