Understand the difference between a normal fear of spiders and a spider phobia. Some studies suggest that being fearful of spiders is part of our evolution and is actually an adaptive trait. However, if your fear of spiders disrupts your life and makes normal tasks difficult to manage, then you could have a phobia which typically requires professional help to overcome.
- Talk to a trustworthy friend, family member, or therapist and have them help you understand your specific reason for fearing spiders. Did a spider crawl on you when you were younger? Did you hear a story about a spider killing someone? Did you think yourself into hating them? Remember when it first started and you can work from there.
- Understand that spiders are more helpful than harmful, and help protect you by eliminating pests that may spread greater dangers like a disease. Understand that for spiders, a bite is a last defensive resort.
- Try watching little children movies or reading little children's storybooks on spiders.
- Take the time out to appreciate the beauty of these creatures, watch documentaries and learn more about them.
- Draw a happy, non-threatening spider on a piece of paper. Imagine it wants you to be its friend. Talk to the paper spider and ask the imaginary happy spider questions that you know the answer to but pretend it's telling you. This may help you to find the spider more friendly.
Dispel common myths about spiders. Often we are misinformed about the dangers of spiders. For example, spiders that you find in your home are usually harmless because they cannot pierce your skin. Additionally, spiders don't attack humans on purpose. Spiders will only bite you in self-defense. Spiders are antisocial arachnids and want to be left alone.
Understand spider behavior. When confronted by a human, spiders typically hide, flee, or do nothing.  They also have poor vision but can be easily startled by loud noises or shaking.  Spiders don't want to scare us, but they are sometimes curious and want to see what you are. Depending on how you react you might just have a little visit, and that's it. But if you panic and try to kill the spider it may try to defend itself.
Accept and understand that spiders are a natural part of this world. Know that spiders are almost everywhere and oftentimes unavoidable. Spiders are native to every continent except Antarctica. However, also understand that simply because spiders exist does not mean that every single one will come into contact with you. Make sure you maintain some perspective. Additionally, spiders are very good at keeping your home free of other bugs and pests, if there were no spiders in the world, we'd be up to our necks in bugs!
Use positive self-talk. One aspect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is changing your automatic negative thoughts through self-talk. If you're scared of a spider you could think to yourself, "the spider is harmless, I'm just scared of its appearance." Or, you could say over and over again to yourself that spiders don't do any harm to you.
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Spiders can be found in all environments throughout the entire world, except in the air and sea. (Biology of Spiders, R.Foelix) These invertebrates of the order Aranea are one of the several groups of the Class Arachnida, with about thirty four thousand species.
They range in body size from only a few millimeters in length to almost five inches.
All are carniverous and have four pair of walking legs, one pair of pedipalps, and one pair of chelicerae. (Spiders, W.Shear) Each chelicerae consists of a base and a fang.
The fang folds up inside of a groove in the base until needed when attacking food, then moves out to bite and releases venom from a tiny opening at its end as it penetrates the prey. (Biology Of Spiders,…show more content…
There are some spitting spiders that have only six, and there are some with only two or four eyes. Some cave spiders have no eyes at all and rely only on vibration. There are great differences in the ways which spiders capture prey. Some may stalk their prey, while others may lie in wait and ambush it. Other spiders may weave various types of webs used to capture passing prey, and there are some smaller commensal spiders that live in larger spiders’ webs and feed on the smaller insects neglected by their host. (The Spider Book, J.Comstock)
All spiders spin silk, though not all of them weave webs. Silk is most commonly seen used in forming webs, which may vary from a highly elaborated orb of spiraling threads to a single sticky string. Most webs can be placed into one of four different types: the orb webs, the funnel webs, tangle webs, and the sheet webs. The main purpose of a web is for catching prey. With orb weavers (Araneidae), the spider will first form a supporting structure of frame threads to which it will then add on radial threads.
(Biology of Spiders, R.Foelix) These tightly strung threads provide quick access to any where on the web, and also carry any vibrations from the outer perimeter to the center.
(The Spider Book, J.Comstock) After the innitial threads are placed, the spider will build on a catching spiral made of sticky silk. These spirals will be what capture and snare prey until the spider is able to reach it and inject it with its