3 Em Dash Bibliography Template

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Reference List or Bibliography?

If you are using the Author-Date format the list of citations you referenced will be placed in the "Reference List" and the end of the paper. The References list should be alphabetized by authors last name to make it easy to find a citation referred to in a parenthetical reference used in the Author-Date format.  The following rules should be adhered to:   √ Start Reference list on new page √ Type the word References at the top, centered on line √ Set first line of the reference at left margin, indent all lines underneath in hanging indentation format √ Alphabetize by the author's last name (surname) √ For author's from eastern countries use the format the author uses in the work √ Alphabetize letter by letter, "nothing precedes something"  Brown, J. goes before Browning, A. √ Names beginning with Mac or Mc should be alphabetized as they are spelled √ References by the same author should be arranged chronologically with the earliest work first √ A one author work should be placed before a multi-author work that begins with the same author √ References by the same author or multiple authors (in the same order) should be alphabetized by title √ Use a "3-em dash" in place of repeated author's name ______. √ Works with no authors should be alphabetized by title, with the title in the author position √ Use Anonymous as an author only is the work is signed anonymously √ Alphabetize a group or organization name as author by the first significant word √ Please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style for further information
If you are using the Note and Bibliography format the list of citations you referenced will be placed in the "Bibliography" at the end of the paper. The Bibliography should be alphabetized by authors last name to make it easy to find a citation. The Bibliography represents the resources you used in the Note section. Some authors choose not to include a full bibliography if the resources have been cited in the Note section.The following rules should be adhered to: √ Start Reference list on new page √ Type the word Bibliography at the top, centered on line √ Set first line of the reference at left margin, indent all lines underneath in hanging indentation format √ Alphabetize by the author's last name (surname) √ For author's from eastern countries use the format the author uses in the work √ Alphabetize letter by letter, "nothing precedes something" Brown, J. goes before Browning, A. √ Names beginning with Mac or Mc should be alphabetized as they are spelled √ References by the same author should be arranged chronologically with the earliest work first √ A one author work should be placed before a multi-author work that begins with the same author √ References by the same author or multiple authors (in the same order) should be alphabetized by title √ Use a "3-em dash" in place of repeated author's name ______. √ Works with no authors should be alphabetized by title, with the title in the author position √ Use Anonymous as an author only is the work is signed anonymously √ Alphabetize a group or organization name as author by the first significant word √ Please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style for further information


The long dash template produces a 3-em dash, which looks like this: " ——— ". It is intended for use in bibliographies where there is more than one title by the same author, to avoid repetition of the author's name.

Use[edit]

To use, replace the author's name with:

{{long dash}}

Example[edit]

This mark-up:

* Cook, Nicholas. ''A Guide to Musical Analysis''. Oxford University Press, 1987. * {{long dash}} ''Music: A Very Short Introduction''. Oxford University Press, 1998. * {{long dash}} and Mark Everist (eds). ''Rethinking Music''. Oxford University Press, 1999.

gives this:

  • Cook, Nicholas. A Guide to Musical Analysis. Oxford University Press, 1987.
  •  ———  Music: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 1998.
  •  ———  and Mark Everist (eds). Rethinking Music. Oxford University Press, 1999.

which avoids the repetitions of:

  • Cook, Nicholas. A Guide to Musical Analysis. Oxford University Press, 1987.
  • Cook, Nicholas. Music: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 1998.
  • Cook, Nicholas, and Mark Everist (eds). Rethinking Music. Oxford University Press, 1999.

See also[edit]

For other types of dash, see:

CodeNameDisplayExplanation
or
the "−" character in the "Insert" edit box tool
Minus − A mathematical operation symbol (display varies depending on font)
{{ndash}} or
or
the "–" character in the "Insert" edit box tool
En dash – A short dash (typically half the width of an em dash)
{{mdash}} or
or
the "—" character in the "Insert" edit box tool
Em dash — A long dash (one em wide, typically equivalent to the height of the font size)
Hyphen - The hyphen character on most keyboards, used to hyphenate compound words (display varies depending on font)

For guidance on usage of the various kinds of dash, see:

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